Travel Guide to Sagarmatha

About Sagarmatha

Indian Embassy near Sagarmatha

Embassy of India
P.O. Box. 292
336, Kapurdhara Marg, Lainchaur
Kathmandu, Nepal
General Telephone: 977-1-4410900

Visa Requirements

Indian nationals travelling to Sagarmatha do not require a visa. However, a photo identity proof like passport or Aadhar card is a necessary requirement.

Sagarmatha means "the Head in the Great Blue Sky". It is one of the fourteen zones located in eastern Nepal. It is surrounded in the south by valleys of Terai, in the north by the Himalayan mountain ranges and the hill districts in the centre. China borders it in the north, India in the south, the Kosi Zone in the east and the Janakpur Zone in the west.

The name Sagarmatha means the ‘head in the great blue sky’ it comes from the local name of Mt Everest, which is situated in the northern part of the zone. The central city of the Sagarmatha Zone is Rajbiraj. Other famous towns of the Sagarmatha hill area are Katari, Okhaldhunga, Diktel, Salleri and Namche Bazaar.

Places to Visit in Sagarmatha

Sagarmatha is a significant tourist destination of Nepal, and the main places to visit in Sagarmatha are:

  • Sagarmatha National Park:Established in 1976 and termed a natural world heritage site in 1979 the national park is a delight to the eye. The area is recognised as an Important bird zone by the BirdLife International.
  • Mount Everest, Sagarmatha National Park:The world's highest mountain peak of Mount Everest, features a snowy peak almost 8,900 m (30,000 ft) above sea level. Hard-core adventurers choose to experience this soaring mountain from Everest Base Camp, accessible by a route some call the "Steps to Heaven." Every turn of this trail provides unforgettable photo ops. High passes, glaciers, beautiful Sherpa villages make this an iconic place at the top of the world.
  • Gokyo Lakes, Sagarmatha National Park: Admire immaculate clear lakes reflecting the magnificent Mount Everest at Gokyo Lakes. It is worshipped both by Buddhist and Hindus. The moon-like landscape evokes feelings of godliness, and it is one of the significant tourist places in Sagarmatha area. Submerge into the beauty of the mighty Himalayas by walking along the trails by the lake. Enjoy breathtaking views of untouched nature. Standing at 4,700- 5,000 meter (15,400- 16,400 ft), the lakes' conditions can be extreme so don't forget to bring warm clothes and proper hiking equipment.
  • Khumbu Glacier, Sagarmatha National Park:The Khumbu Glacier is situated in the Khumbu region of northeastern Nepal between Mount Everest and the Lhotse-Nuptse ridge. With an elevation of 4900m at its terminus to 7600m at its source, it is the world's highest glacier. The start of the glacier is in the Western Cwm near Everest. The glacier has a massive icefall called the Khumbu Icefall. The icefall is a prominent hurdle to the summit of Everest. It is also the biggest glacier in the country. The end of Khumbu Glacier is located at 27.932N and 86.805E.
  • Dudh Koshi River, Sagarmatha National Park:Dudh Koshi River is located in Sagarmatha National Park. It is an expression of pure natural beauty, and its pristine blue waters come from the bowels of the Mt. Everest. In the trek from Lukla to Tengboche, the summit is a constant consort.
  • Tengboche Gompa:Tengboche Gompa (Thyangboche) is located in Tengboche. It can be part of your personalised trek trip. There is a big monastery situated in a scenic location at the end of the trek.
  • Sherpa Museum, Namche Bazaar:The Sherpa Museum is located in Namche Bazaar.
    The museum hosts a variety of displays, historical items and fascinating artefacts. The museum also has multiple items and pictures displaying the culture and life of Sherpas.
  • Mt. Ama Dablam, Sagarmatha National Park: Ama Dablam is a mountain in the Himalaya range of eastern Nepal. The central peak is 6812m high, and the lower western peak is 6170m. Ama Dablam means "Mother's necklace". The mountain subjugates entire east sky for people trekking to Everest base camp.
  • Mt. Taboche, Sagarmatha National Park:This is a beautiful mountain that you pass on the way up the Khumbu. There is a lovely temple located at this place.
  • Everest View Point, Sagarmatha National Park:During the EBC trek the first proper view of the Everest can be seen from here. It is one of the most famous places in Sagarmatha.
  • Memorial to Scott Fischer, Khumbu:this memorial site lies near the area of Chukla lare in Khumbu region. This place has memorial monuments of all the brave people who died in the attempt to climb Everest.
  • Macchhermo, Khumbu:This place is ideal for adjusting to the harsh climate on the way towards Gokyo. Spend a night or two for better acclimatisation. The location is beautiful, and there are several glaciers which will help in acclimatisation to the surroundings.

Travelling in Sagarmatha

Sagarmatha is a very remote and challenging place to reach. You need to hire a local guide who will stick to you for the entire duration of the trip. English speaking guides are available. It is a right place for hiking and trekking, but motorable roads are limited.

Best Time to Visit (best seasons and events)

The best time to visit Sagarmatha is between October and November, or between March and May. Summer months (June – September) bring almost all the annual precipitation while between December and February, daytime temperature regularly drops below zero degree Celsius and heavy snowfalls are common.

In June, Namche holds an annual festival called “Dumje”, which is celebrated in all the villages of Khumbu but the festivities in Namche are the most impressive. This festival celebrates the achievements of a highly respected Sherpa lama. The ceremonies are presided over by the incarnate lama of Tengboche Monastery and include lama dances, traditional Sherpa dances and an initiation ceremony. If you can bear with the rainfall, you can attend the ceremony although it is the off-season.

What to Pack? (as per season, events)

Hiking is one of the things to do in Sagarmatha, and if you want to plan, you should only take essential items. Pack light, you’ll need layers of clothes. Your base layer can be a synthetic T-shirt or a thin thermal shirt. If you’re sensitive to the sun, wear long sleeves. Choose comfortable clothes and shoes and bring a hat and sunglasses for protection from the sun. Small accessories such as gloves, a fleece hat, sunscreen lotions and a microfiber towel. If you’re going for higher altitudes, you’ll need more layers. Make sure to pack fleece jacket, hood, thermal shorts and trousers to keep you warm. The outer layer of the clothing should be wind and waterproof.

Trekkers who choose to take the teahouse trek route and sleep in lodges can easily survive without a sleeping bag. Most of these lodges provide warm blankets, but you may not get the desired cleanliness. Your sleeping bag can be beneficial. If you hire a porter, a 30-40L backpack will be enough for you to pack your jacket, snacks, documents, thermos, and a bottle of water. If you plan to carry everything yourself and don’t want to use a porter, please bring a bigger backpack. Never forget to take all the necessary medicines, which might be required during the trip.

Top Delicacies

Famous for baking some fantastic pastries Namche’s bakeries are famous all over Nepal.

None of the bakeries is open during the off-season from June to September. During the off-season, a few hotels in Namche remain open. Herman Helmers Bakery & Namche Bakery are excellent. You can try “Rigi kur” which is a potato pancake, covered with Yak butter and served with a sauce called sorma. “Tzen” is a heavy pate made from millet and flavoured with spices. "Thukpa" is noodles with soup, and it is the perfect food to have on a cold evening. The delicious “Nak-cheese” that is available at most of the stores is a mouthwatering treat. Juice and beer are available at all the hotels and bakeries. Shopkeepers buy the canned and packed items from Kathmandu, so the prices here are high. Fantastic coffee blends like latte and cappuccino are a must try here.

Indian Restaurants in Sagarmatha

Alpine Lodge

  • Located at:Namche Bazaar | Nepal, Namche Bazaar 56002, Nepal
  • Cuisine:Indian, Asian, Italian
  • Contact No.:+977 38-540300

Oxygen Altitude Home

  • Located at:Lobuche Everest base camp route | Lobuche, Khumjung, Nepal
  • Cuisine: Indian, Chinese
  • Contact No.: +977 980-3608342

Shopping List Essentials (What to buy at the Location)

The local market in Namche Bazar. Namche Bazaar is the gateway to the Everest Base camp Trekking trail. You can get everyday items to buy over here. There are some trekking shops also, which will be happy to equip you with all the necessary gears. So, don’t worry if you arrive unequipped but don’t expect branded quality items. There are many handicraft stores, handmade woollen garment stores here.  Every Saturday morning, Sherpas from the surrounding valleys bring their agricultural products, and electronic goods are transported from Kathmandu into town. The goods found over here may not be very interesting, but you can buy some memoirs.

Healthcare Centers

There are no proper medical facilities available here. People unable to walk can be carried (by people or yaks) to the nearest health post (Namche or Pheriche). If any urgent treatment is needed in a hospital at Kathmandu, then you can hire helicopter service to reach but expect the service to be very costly. Travel insurance can be a savior at this time as the insurer will take care of your all health related emergencies and expenses.

Basics of Local Communication 

(talk about the languages spoken in the location and basic etiquettes and give translation for the following phrases in the local language)

There are 123 languages spoken in Nepal. The mother tongue Nepali is spoken by almost half of the p0pulation and is followed by Maithili. The Nenglish language which is a form of English spoken by Nepali people is also widely used here for communication with tourists.

You can memorise the following Nepalese phrases to communicate easily with the locals:

English Nepali
Good Morning Subha - prabhata
My Name is Mero nama
Where is Kaham cha
Yes Ho
No Ho'ina
Please Kr̥paya
Sorry Mapha garnuhos
How much is this? Yo kati cha?

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What kinds of medical coverage’s are provided??

The following medical expenses are covered: 

  • Travel insurance includes medical expenses, repatriation, and emergency medical evacuation. Even dental care expenses such as acute anesthetic treatment of teeth are covered.

What is a deductible?

“Deductible”means a cost-sharing requirement under this policy, that provides that the insurer will not be liable for a specified rupee amount or percentage of claim amount or number of days or number of hours, as specified in the policy schedule and which will apply before any benefits are payable by the insurer. A deductible does not reduce the sum insured and is applicable per event, upto the specified limits mentioned.

What Is Not Covered Under the Travel Insurance Plan?

  • Medical Expenses (inclusive of Repatriation and Emergency Medical Evacuation), Daily Allowance in case of hospitalization, Compassionate Visit benefits, the following will not be payable for Any pre-existing condition, Routine examinations, Expenses for rest or recuperation at spa/ health resort/ sanatorium, Pregnancy (including childbirth, miscarriage, abortion or related complications ) or treatment relating to the removal of physical flaws or anomalies (cosmetic treatment or plastic surgery).
  • Cosmetic surgery, unless such cosmetic surgery is rendered medically necessary as part of treatment for accidents and burns whilst being abroad.
  • Suicide, attempted or wilfully self inflicted injury or illness, mental disorder, anxiety, stress or depression, venereal disease, alcoholism, drunkenness or the abuse of drugs, or any loss arising, directly or indirectly, from any injury, illness, death, loss, expense, or other liability attributable to HIV and/or any HIV related illness including AIDS and/or any mutant derivative or variation thereof however caused.
  • Treatment which could be reasonably delayed until the Insured’s return to India, which will be decided jointly by the treating Physician and the Emergency Assistance Service Provider and shall be in accordance with accepted standards of medical care.
  • The Insured taking part in naval, military or air force operations; war and nuclear perils.
  • Insured engaging in air travel unless he or she flies as a Fare Paying passenger in an aircraft licensed to carry passengers.
  • Participation of the Insured in winter sports, mountaineering and such other professional sports or any other hazardous or potentially dangerous sport for which the Insured members are adequately trained, physically fit and using proper equipment. and that too only if specifically agreed and mentioned in the policy schedule.
  • Hazardous occupation, or if engaged in any criminal or illegal act.
  • Medical Expenses in respect of Experimental, investigational or unproven treatments or treatments which are not consistent with or incidental to the diagnosis and treatment of the positive existence or presence of any Illness for which confinement is required at a Hospital. Any Illness or treatment which is a result or a consequence of undergoing such experimental or unproven treatment.
  • Naturopathy treatment.
  • Non Allopathic treatment e.g. - Ayurvedic, Yogic, Homeopathic, Unani treatment(s).
  • Under no circumstances shall this insurance contract be deemed to provide cover and no liability be incurred to pay any claim or provide any benefit hereunder to the extent that the provision of such cover, payment of such claim or provision of such benefit would expose us to any sanction, prohibition, or restriction under United Nations resolutions or the trade or economic sanctions, laws or regulations of the European Union, United Kingdom, United States of America & India

You can avail the Travel Insurance online and enjoy the benefits offered by Bharti AXA

What Is Covered Under Travel Insurance?

Loss of passport and documents:

Reimbursement of actual expenses incurred in connection with obtaining a duplicate or fresh passport or reasonable cost of replacing/obtaining the stolen documents/ tickets if the passport belonging to the Insured / Insured Person be lost

Home Fire Insurance Contents & Home Burglary Insurance (contents):

Cover against any loss or damage of the Contents at Home of the Insured in India caused by Fire and Allied perils or through burglary and/or housebreaking while the Insured is on a trip abroad.

Hijack Distress Allowance

Payment of distress allowance in case of hijack of a common carrier for more than certain number of hours whilst on the trip. You can easily avail the allowance by filing a claim online through Travel Insurance cover online process.

Medical Expensesinclusive of Repartration  and Emergency Medical Evacuation

If you are sick or injured during the journey, your medical expenses can prove to be costly. In such cases,  Travel Insurance cover greatly helps. The insurance company also offers a cashless settlement with the network hospitals or you can also opt for the reimbursement process within 30 days of hospitalization.

Legal Expenses

Payment of legal costs and expenses incurred by the Insured towards claims from third Parties for compensation in respect of death or disablement arising due to an injury whilst on a trip abroad.

Personal Accident

Payment of compensation if the Insured sustains accidental bodily injury during a trip resulting in death or Permanent Total Disablement or Permanent Partial Disablement within 12 months of occurrence of such injury.

Trip Cancellation/Or Interruption


Payment towards the non-refundable prepaid payments incurred on the trip being cancelled and additional cost of transportation in case of Interruption: due to medical problems, personal employment problems or natural disasters or other listed reason in policy wordings.


Trip Delay


 Reimbursement of additional expenses if trip is delayed beyond a period, due to airline problems, medical problems, personal employment problems or natural disasters.

 Daily Allowance in case of Hospitalisation

 Payment of daily allowance for the days the Insured is hospitalised beyond a specified number of days, as mentioned in the Policy Schedule, for which a valid claim is admissible under the Policy whilst on a trip abroad.Emergency Accommodation

 Payment of compensation for the additional cost of emergency accommodation if the Insured/ Insured Person could not stay in the accommodation originally booked due to ­fire& flood, earthquake, storm, hurricane, explosion, outbreak of major infectious diseases.

Why do I need Travel insurance?

During a trip there are chances of unfortunate events such as loss of checked in baggage, medical emergency, loss of passport that can spoil your international trip, be it business or leisure. Travel insurance can protect you from such events ensuring that you are left stuck in foreign land.