An infection in any part of the urinary system (that includes kidneys, ureter, bladder and the urethra) defines a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). The lower urinary tract is amongst the commonly infected parts of the urinary system. Women are more susceptible to UTIs compared to men.
- Bacterial infection in the urinary tract
- Infection of the bladder (Cystitis)
- Infection of urethra (urethritis)
- Sexual activity
- Certain types of birth control devices (such as diaphragms)
- Compromised immune system
- Abnormalities in the urinary tract
- UTI may not always cause signs and symptoms in the beginning.
- Some common symptoms include, a strong persistent urge to urinate and a burning sensation during urinating
- Urine may appear cloudy
- Urge to urinate frequently
- Strong smelling urine
- Pain in the pelvic region
- Once the person is diagnosed with the infection, the doctor will suggest medication. In general the symptoms get better after 3-4 days.
- In case UTI is not treated properly it may lead to several complications such as permanent kidney damage, urethral narrowing, sepsis and increased risk of low birth weight of infants.
- Your doctor will ask you for your symptoms, based on which he may suggest relevant tests.
- To test for the presence of infection, he shall recommend a urine sample test and laboratory culture of the urine sample.
- For treatment, the doctor shall prescribe antibiotics and analgesics to treat the infection and relieve pain.
- You shall be asked to take plenty of fluids especially during the first 24 hours after the symptoms appear.
- In case the infection worsens, the person may have to be given the medication intravenously for effective treatment.
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