Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a disorder characterized by recurrent and unwanted thoughts to perform or execute certain actions that seem more like compulsions. This repetitive involuntary behavior often causes stress and consumes a person’s significant amount of time. OCD symptoms usually begin to show up during childhood or early adult life.
- Family history
- Usual problems with work, school, relationships and illness
- In case of OCD, you will experience an obsession for cleanliness, fear of infection or illness.
- You may also have doubts about the usual day-to-day events, avoid certain places or actions and may often ask for assurances
- Excessive orderliness
- Inappropriate sexual and aggressive thoughts
- You may also repeatedly dress, count, clean and arrange the “already-in-place-things”
- In case the condition worsens, you may be unable to maintain normal work and personal relationships.
- You may also experience depression, anxiety and panic episodes
- However, in such cases make sure you consult a doctor without any further delays.
- Your doctor may ask you for your family history and ask you for certain signs and symptoms.
- There are no specific medical tests to diagnose OCD. Only the patients’ description of the behavior and symptoms serve as the best clues for diagnosis.
- Once the problem is diagnosed, the doctor may suggest a treatment for reducing anxiety, resolving conflicts and combating depression.
- You may be recommended with behavioral therapy (process defined as exposure and response prevention) along with medication (antidepressants and antianxiety drugs).
- It becomes equally important to educate the family also about the behavioral changes in the patient to avoid further complications.
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