Muscle cramp is a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more muscles. Muscle cramps cause severe pain, however are mostly harmless and get better after some time. Most commonly the muscle cramps develop in the leg muscles particularly in the calf muscles.
- Overuse of a muscle
- Muscle strain
- Holding a position for a prolonged period
- Inadequate blood supply
- Nerve compression
- Mineral depletion (such as potassium, calcium and magnesium)
- Increasing age
- Medical conditions such as diabetes or nerve, liver or thyroid disorders
- You may experience severe discomfort, sudden and sharp pain
- Hard lump of muscle tissue beneath the skin
- Leg swelling, redness or skin changes
- Muscle weakness
- In most cases, the muscle cramps disappear in sometime and are not too serious to receive any special medication.
- At times the muscle cramps can be recurrent and may disturb your sleep pattern leading to other lifestyle problems.
- In case your symptoms worsen and are accompanied with swelling, redness and changes in the skin, make sure you see a doctor
- Your doctor may recommend certain nutritional supplements that may help you meet the required levels of essential vitamins and minerals.
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