Cholesterol, a waxy fat like substance, is needed by the human body for several important bodily functions. Needed only in a certain quantity, if the cholesterol in the body increases, it often combines with the other substances in the body to form plaques that interrupt the blood flow. Therefore, elevated cholesterol levels directly do not show symptoms but pose to be a risk factor for several other diseases.
- Family history of the disease
- Most commonly found in men (aged above 40) and women (aged above 55)
- Being overweight
- Unhealthy dietary habits (excessive intake of saturated and trans fats)
- Sedentary lifestyle (Lack of exercise)
- Excessive intake of alcohol
- Medical problems such as diabetes, hypothyroidism and obstructive liver disease
- High cholesterol often does not have initial signs and symptoms. It is a risk factor for several other illnesses ( such as blood pressure, obesity, hypertension and diabetes)
- An increase in cholesterol levels can only be diagnosed by routine check-ups (blood test/ lipid profile).
- An increase in the cholesterol levels (bad) can be easily detected through a routinely blood check up. The cholesterol level in the body is tested by the lipid (fat) profile.
- The doctor shall suggest you to bring in some major alterations in your diet and lifestyle.
- Alongside the doctor may also prescribe you some medications such as statins (which reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke).
- The doctor shall also suggest you to eat heart healthy foods, exercise regularly and stay active. In case you smoke, make sure you quit smoking.
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