Hay fever is an allergic response to an allergen (such as pollens, dust, mold or an air pollutant) in the air that could distinctly generate different responses. Hay fever, commonly called as allergic rhinitis, affects the eyes, nose, sinuses, throat and bronchial tubes in the lungs. Commonly, the attack flares up during the pollen season.
- Allergic response towards allergens such as pollens (from weeds, flowers, grass and trees)
- Histamine secretion from the antibodies causes swelling and irritation in nose, sinuses and eyes.
- Triggers may include mold, dust, mites, tobacco smoke and other air pollutants
- Family history of allergies
- Weakened immune system (due to excessive use of drugs and illness)
- Certain seasons such as spring and autumn
- In case of hay fever, you may experience itchy and watery eyes, frequent sneezing, stuffy nose with a clear discharge.
- In severe cases, you may face a lot of difficulty in sleeping. You shall feel fatigued and lazy all day long.
- You are also at an increased risk for other infections due to compromised immunity.
- Your doctor may ask you for your family history and inspect you physically.
- Depending on the diagnosis, he shall suggest a few over-the-counter medications and prescription medications (which may include nasal cortico-steriods, anti-histamines and decongestants) that shall ease your symptoms.
- You shall be suggested to use window shades, blinds and drapes/ curtains to keep away the dust (being a major trigger). Not only this, you will be advised to keep away from all sorts of triggers that could cause irritation to you.
- The doctor may also suggest rinsing your sinuses with sterile saline to relieve the nasal congestion.
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