Fever is defined as a state when the body temperature increases the normal body temperature (99.5 F-100.9 F) most commonly due to an underlying illness or infection in the body. It is usually followed by body ache, fatigue and tiredness.
- Infections such as bacterial, viral or fungal infections such as of streptococcal throat, flu, chickenpox or pneumonia.
- Seasonal triggers include heat stroke.
- Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and inflammatory bowel disease may also cause a rise in the body temperature
- The body temperature is higher than the normal temperature (98.6 F).
- Additional signs and symptoms include sweating, chills, headache, muscle pain, loss of appetite, dehydration and general weakness.
- High grade fever, defined as one when the fever shoots over 103 F-106 F, may cause confusion, irritability, convulsions and dehydration.
- For an adult, if the fever shoots to 103 F (39.4 C), it is a serious concern and may cause discomfort whereas in case of a child/ toddler fever as high as 100 F (38 C) may also be a concern.
- Fever may worsen due to complications. In high grade fever (103 F-106 F), you can do cold sponging using a towel soaked in cold water.
- You may have over-the-counter available antipyretic medicines such as paracetamol that shall help to bring down the fever.
- If high grade fever (103 F-106 F) persists, and keeps coming back even after taking medication, make sure you visit a doctor.
- In case you get high-grade fever (104 F) that is accompanied with body ache, rashes, vomiting, severe headache, it could be dengue. Do not panic. Instead take adequate rest and drink plenty of fluids.
- If you get high-grade fever (104 F) that is accompanied with severe joint pains (especially during the morning), rashes, headache and excessive weakness during the monsoon season it could be chikungunya.
- Take adequate rest and monitor the temperature regularly. Keep yourself hydrated.
- For both, dengue and chikungunya, use cold sponging and paracetamol after every 5-6 hours. Avoid medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen and other pain killers.
- In such cases, your doctor will recommend certain investigations to determine the cause and start the medications accordingly.
- Viral fever normally takes about 3-5 days to get better. You can take over-the-counter medication such as paracetamol after 5 hours as the fever increases.
- Take adequate rest
- For low-grade fever (fever lower than 100.4 C), it is recommended to take an anti-pyretic that shall help to bring down the fever.
- For a high-grade fever (fever more than 104 F), it is recommended to take anti-pyretic alongside cold sponging to bring the fever down.
- In case, it is caused due to an infection, it is recommended to take antibiotics and anti-pyretic medicines for an early recovery.
- Stay hydrated by drinking 2-3 liters of fluids.
- Do not bathe. Instead, sponge with luke warm water.
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