Fever

Fever
What Is Fever?

Fever is defined as a state when the body temperature increases the normal body temperature (99.5 F-100.9 F) most commonly due to an underlying illness or infection in the body. It is usually followed by body ache, fatigue and tiredness.

What Triggers A Fever?
  • Infections such as bacterial, viral or fungal infections such as of streptococcal throat, flu, chickenpox or pneumonia.
  • Seasonal triggers include heat stroke.
  • Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and inflammatory bowel disease may also cause a rise in the body temperature
How Would You Know If You Have Fever?
  • The body temperature is higher than the normal temperature (98.6 F).
  • Additional signs and symptoms include sweating, chills, headache, muscle pain, loss of appetite, dehydration and general weakness.
  • High grade fever, defined as one when the fever shoots over 103 F-106 F, may cause confusion, irritability, convulsions and dehydration.
  • For an adult, if the fever shoots to 103 F (39.4 C), it is a serious concern and may cause discomfort whereas in case of a child/ toddler fever as high as 100 F (38 C) may also be a concern.
What Should You Do Incase Your Fever Worsens?
  • Fever may worsen due to complications. In high grade fever (103 F-106 F), you can do cold sponging using a towel soaked in cold water.
  • You may have over-the-counter available antipyretic medicines such as paracetamol that shall help to bring down the fever.
  • If high grade fever (103 F-106 F) persists, and keeps coming back even after taking medication, make sure you visit a doctor.
  • In case you get high-grade fever (104 F) that is accompanied with body ache, rashes, vomiting, severe headache, it could be dengue. Do not panic. Instead take adequate rest and drink plenty of fluids.
  • If you get high-grade fever (104 F) that is accompanied with severe joint pains (especially during the morning), rashes, headache and excessive weakness during the monsoon season it could be chikungunya.
  • Take adequate rest and monitor the temperature regularly. Keep yourself hydrated.
  • For both, dengue and chikungunya, use cold sponging and paracetamol after every 5-6 hours. Avoid medications such as aspirin, ibuprofen and other pain killers.
  • In such cases, your doctor will recommend certain investigations to determine the cause and start the medications accordingly.
What Are The Available Treatment Options?
  • Viral fever normally takes about 3-5 days to get better. You can take over-the-counter medication such as paracetamol after 5 hours as the fever increases.
  • Take adequate rest
  • For low-grade fever (fever lower than 100.4 C), it is recommended to take an anti-pyretic that shall help to bring down the fever.
  • For a high-grade fever (fever more than 104 F), it is recommended to take anti-pyretic alongside cold sponging to bring the fever down.
  • In case, it is caused due to an infection, it is recommended to take antibiotics and anti-pyretic medicines for an early recovery.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking 2-3 liters of fluids.
  • Do not bathe. Instead, sponge with luke warm water.
Are There Any Natural Remedies For Fever ?
You can try these effective natural remedies to ease your symptoms and to speed up your recovery:
1. Basil (Tulsi) Leaves
Ingredients: Basil (Tulsi) Leaves Tea
Ways to Use:

Chew fresh basil leaves early in the morning to get relief from cold and fever.

Incase you are a tea lover, you can enjoy the benefits of the herb in your cup of tea. However, prefer to have basil tea without milk to reap its maximum benefits.

2. Cold Therapy
Ingredients: Ice Pack
Ways to Use:

You can place a towel soaked in cold water on body parts such as feet, forehead and hands. This shall help to bring down the temperature.

3. Ginger
Ingredients: Ginger Water/Tea
Ways to Use:

Boil ginger in a cup of water and drink it at regular intervals during the day. You can also add ginger powder to your tea. This shall help to bring down the fever.

4. Apple Cider Vinegar
Ingredients: Apple Cider Vinegar
Ways to Use:

You can chose to soak a couple of washcloths in diluted apple cider vinegar and then place it on the forehead and tummy. Repeat this three to four times a day depending on the episodes of fever.

 

So, next time you are down with fever, do not be careless and instead try these natural remedies from the very first day. Also, during the seasonal changes, make sure you be cautious enough to keep away from falling sick. 

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