Eczema is a skin condition that is caused by the inflammation of the skin. In most cases, eczema causes redness, itch and dryness in the skin of any part of the body. People with eczema are at an increased risk for allergic conditions such as asthma and hay fever.
- Abnormal functioning of the immune system
- Environmental conditions
- Genetic factors
- Over sensitivity of the skin
- Defects in the skin barrier that allow the exchange of germs
- Most common symptom of eczema is itching
- You may also observe dryness, elevated plaques of red and bumpy skin.
- Patches of chronically dry and thickened skin usually on the hands, neck, face and legs
- Red dry rashes
- In case your symptoms get worse, upon scratching the patches of skin, it may lead to skin infections.
- You may also develop yellowish to light brown crust or pus filled blisters over the eczema patches, indicative if a bacterial infection.
- In case of eczema flare-up, you are more susceptible to a viral skin infection such as genital herpes.
- Your doctor may inspect you physically and suggest you a few over-the-counter medications that shall help to reduce the itch.
- The doctor may suggest to use a mild soap and moisturizer that would not dry your skin. You will also be advised to avoid hot water bath.
- You may be recommended to use medications such as corticosteroids, antihistamines and ultraviolet therapy.
- Along with these, the doctor may recommend you to bring in changes in your daily habits to mellow down the existing symptoms.
- Exercise regularly and keep stress away.
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