Crohn’s disease is a type of an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) characterized by painful swelling in the digestive tract. The inflammation can broadly affect any part of the tract, however most commonly affects the ileum. The symptoms of the disease may keep coming and going and may also flare up at times. It affects both men and women equally.
- The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is not yet known. However, the body’s immune response to an infection may lead to inflammation. Some of the common triggers are;
- Family history of bowel disorders
- Environmental factors
- History of allergies
- Excessive intake of spicy and oily food
- In case of Crohn’s disease, you may experience cramps and pain (often in the lower part of the abdomen).
- You may also complain of diarrhea and slight fever
- Loss of appetite
- Stools (which may have mucus or blood)
- In case of children, it may cause delayed puberty and the child may not grow at a normal rate
- In most cases, modifications in the lifestyle habits have been found to significantly improve the symptoms of Crohn’s disease.
- It is important to make dietary changes as well. However, if in case the symptoms still do not get better, it is best to consult an endocrinologist.
- The doctor will examine you physically. Post that he shall ask you questions about relevant associated symptoms.
- For an effective diagnosis, the doctor may suggest to get medical tests done which may include blood and stool studies.
- He may also suggest imaging studies such as CT scan, MRI and an X-ray. If needed, you may also need to get an endoscopy/ colonoscopy for an effective diagnosis.
- Once the problem is diagnosed, the doctor shall suggest dietary and lifestyle changes. In addition to that you may also be prescribed with anti-inflammatories, steroids and anti-diarrheal to relieve the associated symptoms.
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