Cataract is a painless medical condition in which the lens of the eye becomes progressively opaque and therefore results in a blurred vision. It is commonly found in the elderly.
- Clumping of proteins that are present in the eye
- Can be congenital (present at birth)
- Increasing age
- Illness with increased blood sugar levels as in diabetics
- Family history of cataract
- Eye injury
- Prolonged exposure to the eye
- Common symptoms include blurred vision which may first appear at the night time during driving
- Difficulty in reading
- Colors may appear faded
- Poor night vision
- Opaque and milky white pupil
- Frequent changes in prescription for eye glasses
- In case your symptoms persist for a longer while and you experience difficulty in your daily chores, make sure you consult an ophthalmologist
- Your doctor may ask you for your medical and family history and perform an eye examination which may include visual acuity test and retinal test
- You may be prescribed with a few eye drops or drugs. In severe cases, a surgery may also be recommended.
- When the cataract worsens and loss of vision interferes with the daily activities such as reading, watching TV or driving, the doctor shall suggest a surgery. It is the only treatment option for cataract.
- To avoid worsening of your eyes, wear sunglasses during the peak hours.
- In case you wear numbered glasses, make sure to be regular with them. Irregularity may worsen it.
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