Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease that affects the airway of the lungs (the tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs). The disease is characterized by irreversible airway obstruction and causes sudden episodes of difficulty in breathing.
- Most commonly caused due to an allergic reaction or due to hypersensitivity towards an external agent.
- Family history of the disease or any allergic problems or rhinitis (hay fever)
- Excessive exposure to environmental factors such as exposure to allergens, cigarette smoke, seasonal infections such as viral respiratory illnesses
- Regular intake of medications such as NSAIDS
- In case you have asthma, you will have persistent cough that may be accompanied by phlegm. The cough often worsens at night and morning hours.
- Wheezing (a whistling sound during breathing) is considered as a classic symptom of asthma.
- You may also complain of chest tightness and shortness of breath.
- In case, the asthma worsens and you are unable to breathe properly, do not panic. Visit a doctor without any delay.
- The doctor may ask you if you have family history of the disease and shall ask you to get investigations done to validate the presence of the disease.
- There is no specific cure for asthma. All available treatments are focused to reduce the severity of the disease.
- Identify and avoid your asthma triggers. These generally include allergens, air pollution, tobacco smoke, strong smells and dust.
- Available treatment options include, quick relief (which shall provide instant relief from symptoms) and long term medications (which shall prevent the further aggravation of the disease).
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