Acid reflux is a condition when the acid from the stomach moves backwards into the food pipe (esophagus) and causes a burning sensation in the esophagus. The stomach produces gastric acids that aid the digestion process, however, due to excessive acidic secretion it damages the lining of the stomach and causes acidity.
- Lifestyle habits such as smoking and excess of alcohol intake
- Sedentary lifestyle and poor dietary habits such as excessive intake of spicy and oily foods
- At times, intake of certain medication such as painkillers and stomach problems such as peptic ulcers and gastro-esophageal reflux disease may also cause acid reflux.
- The most common symptom of acid reflux is heartburn. It is characterized by a burning sensation in the chest and is accompanied by a sour taste at the back of throat.
- You may experience regurgitation and give you a bitter taste.
- Other common symptoms of acid reflux are shortness of breath, dizziness or cold sweat, nausea, bloating and bitter burping.
- In case the symptoms of acid reflux persist for more than three times a week and the medication does not help, make sure you consult a doctor.
- The doctor may also ask you if you have family history of the disease and shall ask you to get investigations done.
- In the absence of severe symptoms, the doctor may ask you to get clinical examinations such as pH monitoring, endoscopy or a biopsy done.
- Try and eat small meals. Do not starve for long hours.
- Avoid wearing tight clothes.
- Include a moderate 30 minute workout in your daily routine.
- Depending on the severity of the disease, you may be recommended to have over-the-counter medication such as antacids.
- However, in case the medication does not work, make sure you consult a specialist for professional advice.
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