In India, the working population is affected by poor lifestyle choices, such as smoking, poor diet, overuse of alcohol, inadequate relief of chronic stress, and lack of physical activity. Together, these factors contribute to an increasing number of cases of preventable chronic health conditions like type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, cardiovascular conditions, hypertension, and several types of cancer.
Health conditions, such as obesity or diabetes, are also known as lifestyle diseases. These conditions are further aggravated by the lack of behavioural skills in individuals to improve their sedentary routines.
Even though physicians encourage people to have healthier lifestyle habits to help manage or prevent these chronic medical conditions, these individuals are inadequately prepared to either initiate or maintain these healthier changes in their lives.
As a result, more than 14.2 million people, aging between 30 and 69 years, die each year prematurely from conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiac arrests. Here are some of the most common types of lifestyle diseases and their effects on our health:
Type II diabetes is the non-insulin form of diabetes, which develops in adults due to their sedentary lifestyle and poor eating habits. If you have type II diabetes, it means that your body is not able to use insulin properly due to which the level of blood glucose rises. In India, there are approximately 40.9 million individuals who have type II diabetics.
As a health condition, obesity affects an increasing number of people in India. To check if you are obese, you need to assess your Body Mass Index or BMI. If BMI is higher than 25, then you are falling in the overweight category.
Data from the National Family Health Survey 2015-2017 shows that there are more than 155 million obese citizens in India, and this number is likely to increase at an annual rate of 33-51 percent.
Primary factors that contribute to obesity in India include stressful lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits, and reduced physical activity. Anyone who is obese experiences breathing issues, high blood pressure, cardiovascular health issues, and diabetes.
High blood pressure is another ailment, whose primary cause is obesity. Blood pressure is estimated both by the amount of blood that your heart pumps and by the total resistance offered to the blood flow in your arteries. Narrower your arteries and more the blood your heart pumps, the higher your blood pressure.
According to a study, approximately 100 million people in India suffer from high blood pressure. Along with obesity, factors such as stress, unhealthy eating habits, and genetic factors also contribute to aggravate the condition.
Arteriosclerosis is a health condition that occurs when the blood vessels (or arteries) in your body that carry oxygenated (oxygen-laden) blood from your heart to the rest of the body become thick and stiff. Healthy arteries are elastic and flexible. With time; however, these arterial walls can harden restricting the blood flow in them.
Arteriosclerosis is usually linked to diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure, causing blood circulation disorders, cardiac arrests, and chest pains.
Due to the poor lifestyle choices that we make, our body’s immunity decreases steadily. While our body cells divide and replace themselves in a controlled manner; with time, our body’s ability to regenerate healthy cells deteriorates because of the lowering immunity levels.
Cancer is a health condition when the cell generation happens in an uncontrolled manner, causing a cluster of such cells (known as a tumour) to form. There are more than 100 different types of cancer, caused due to a variety of reasons including prolonged smoking (lung cancer), too much exposure to the harmful UV rays of the sun (skin cancer) and irregular functioning of endocrine glands (thyroid cancer).
We understand the rationale behind leading a healthy lifestyle. However, there are many who either lack the necessary behavioural skills they need to sustain a healthier lifestyle. Others are ignorant of the impending health concerns of these poor lifestyle choices.
Either way, there is an increasing population of young adults and children who are now being affected by the negative impacts of these lifestyle choices. Due to these sedentary lifestyles, irregular eating patterns and lack of sleep, many individuals are at an increased risk of developing health ailments such as obesity, diabetes, and even cancer.
While these health conditions can turn quickly turn severe, their treatment costs can also drain away your savings in no time. Therefore, you need to take steps the right way to make sure that you and your loved ones stay protected from the ill-effects of leading an unhealthy lifestyle.
You can start with cutting down on processed food and instead including fresh vegetables and fruits in your diet. You need to get up and go for a brisk walk or exercise for at least 30 minutes each day. Also, you need to secure yourself from rising medical treatment costs and back your financial health with a comprehensive health insurance plan.
Therefore, you can continue living a fruitful life, knowing that your health insurance plan is there to take care of any unexpected situations.