With its rich and long history, the birthplace of ancient civilisations, dynasties, events of political, religious and cultural significance and the well preserved historical monuments that stand testimony to those times, Europe is the go-to destination for the intrepid traveller who is an avid history and culture buff. If you are one of them, check out our travel guide on the top historical places to visit in Europe. Most of these are so well known that they are a big attraction for millions of visitors from all over the world each year. That surely makes these places of historical interest in Europe well worth a visit.
Berlin Wall, Germany
The once-infamous Berlin Wall that had for long divided Germany into conservative communist ruled East Germany and liberal modernised West Germany was finally torn down in November 1989 after twenty eight years. This historic event paved the way for opening the border between the two sides and the reunification of Germany the following year. Today visitors to Berlin can see parts of the wall that still stand, in some sections covered with graffiti, which bear a strong testament and pay homage to the spirit of hope and unity of the people and the landmark political events that ended decades of cold war post Nazi rule.
The beautiful city of Florence is stepped in culture, art and history. While many flock to Florence for a sight of the world famous marble statue of Michelangelo’s David, there is so much more that this culturally rich Italian city offers visitors. If you are drawn to architecture and historic buildings you are sure to be enchanted with Florence for its amazingly well-preserved heritage buildings and their architecture. One such architectural marvel and the most impressive of all is The Duomo or The Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, with its massive red terracotta tiled Dome that towers high above the city. Visitors are allowed to climb to the top of The Duomo for some amazing vistas including panoramic views of the entire city. While in Florence, you can also see another historical structure – the medieval era bridge Ponte Vecchio with its stone arches, built over the Arno River that still stands intact.
The Colosseum, Rome
The Colosseum stands proud right in the heart of the city, juxtaposed by modern buildings, vehicles and the hustle-bustle of present day Rome. So massive and awe-inspiring is this historic concrete and sand structure that it instantly transports you to a scene of Gladiators fighting for their lives in the ring, or the countless hapless people mercilessly punished by being fed to savage animals, as a crowd of 50,000 to 80,000 odd spectators alternately cheered, jeered or egged them on. Yes, that is how many people could be seated in this impressive Roman era amphitheatre that is also the largest one ever built, that stands as a grim reminder of the atrocities inflicted by the erstwhile Roman emperors.
As you cruise down the open country road, admiring the serene and lush green rolling plains of Salisbury in Wiltshire county in England, after about a two and a half hour’s drive or a bus ride from London, all of a sudden, seemingly in the middle of nowhere, you will come upon this group of strange monolithic rock formations rising up from the ground in a very interesting symmetry. That is what usually strikes visitors as they first approach Stonehenge – believed to be a Neolithic Age monument dating back to 3000 BC. The origins and actual purpose of Stonehenge, plus how and why these sarsen stones were moved from a quarry 40 kilometers away and placed here in a specific concentric circle formation, is still shrouded in mystery. Were they used for some ancient ritual or was it burial site? Stonehenge remains an unsolved prehistoric puzzle and one of the biggest tourist attractions in Europe.
To work out details of your visit to these places, check out our travel guides for each of these European countries, where you will find information about getting a Schengen visa and other travel tips. Also ensure that you secure your trip by purchasing travel insurance. Buying travel insurance is an important and necessary part of any travel planning. Travelling to so many places in Europe is an expensive affair and having a travel insurance plan for Europe acts as a financial cover that will protect you from any loss of belongings, in case of an accident or any such mishap when you are travelling overseas. With a travel insurance policy you will not lose out even if your trip unfortunately gets cancelled.